CSOs Networking for Better Local Democracy in the Balkans – What did we do?

CSOs Networking for Better Local Democracy in the Balkans is a project with a self-explanatory name. The main focus of the project is to address the challenges of civil society organizations within the region of the Western Balkans. It concluded its affairs around October of 2021 and is implemented by the Balkan Network for Local Democracy and funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, or SIDA.

There are many challenges in the region related to the CSOs sector, and this project seeks to highlight and support it and its development. The project has the goal of being a major resource for civil society in the region, through methods such as research, providing and spreading information, and encouraging further capacity building in the sector, on local and regional levels. To be able to accomplish that sort of goal, a knowledge sharing platform is necessary, which this project seeks to provide.


Raise awareness, provide resources, facilitate exchange, create cooperation, and strengthen CSOs


An important principle within the function of this project is general awareness raising and promotion. To accomplish this end, under the banner of the project we have seen :

  • 9 animated videos,
  • 9 video interviews,
  • 2 newsletters,
  • 1 large social media campaign,
  • the creation of a resource hub for information,
  • 3 extensive comparative studies and
  • 9 individual local-level case studies, and it was all highlighted with a regional Best Practice Fair.

اشتغلت 3 comparative studies all examined local factors such as self-government, CSO cooperation with government and involvement in local-level processes, decentralization, and public participation in policymaking. The resource hub, meanwhile, is a designated area of the website that compiles together resources, documents, infographics, studies, research, etc. all about local democracy within the Western Balkans region.

The time spent on this project was highlighted with the Best Practice Fair, a two-day hybrid event that brought together multiple CSO representatives, BNLD members, public authorities, and members of other groups, where the individual delegations present their best practices for encouraging participation of citizens in local government. This event provided a good opportunity for the participating parties to exchange ideas and programmes. The comparative studies and the individual case studies were presented here, along with their findings and accomplishments respectively.

In conclusion, this project has taken steps necessary to raise awareness, provide resources, facilitate exchange, create cooperation, and generally strengthen CSOs within the realm of the Western Balkans.

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The project “CSOs Networking for Better Local Democracy in the Balkans” was supported by the Project “Protecting Civic Space – Regional Civil Society Development Hub” financed by Sida and implemented by BCSDN”.


Congress

Congress 41st session: ALDA in harmony with the agenda and mission

The 41st session of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities took place in Strasbourg from 26 to 28 October 2021. Two days of intense and fruitful dialogue on several key topics, very close to ALDA’s commitment and mission. Thus, having the Congress among the statutory members of ALDA Governing Board, it comes with itself that the relation between the Association and the Institution is simply part of the essence of ALDA itself.

The agenda of this year’s session was rich in terms of content and speakers. Debates focused, among others, on: 

  • Post-COVID Recovery;
  • الهجرة
  • Hate speech and fake news;
  • Cross-border cooperation for better integration and
  • Education and young generation

Furthermore, particularly relevant and in line with the recents ALDA’s mission, the debate on the decentralisation process in North Macedonia. Mr. Zoran Dimitrovski, Deputy Minister for Local Self Government, also met by ALDA Secretary General Antonella Valmorbida in early October, intervened during the “Monitoring of the European Charter of Local Self-government: North Macedonia” session, taking place on Wednesday 27th.


 Being able to join the Congress 41st session in presence, gave this event the feeling of “nearness and human bond” 


After two years of intense work, yet from remote due to the health crisis, being able to join the Congress 41st session in presence, gave this event the feeling of “nearness and human bond” which were quite missed. Meeting representatives from other countries, organisations and institutions definitely further stimulated ALDA in keeping its commitment and hard work in being a key stakeholder in developing democracy and good-governance in Europe and beyond.

More on an internal note, this occasion also gave the possibility to ALDA’s staff from Vicenza to meet colleagues from the Strasbourg office. Thus, the “Staff Meeting” served as a great moment of sharing, dialoguing and getting to know each other better. Last but not least, after the 41st session of the Congress, the staff also had the opportunity to walk around the city, having a lovely dinner!  

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More information:


Belgrade

DAFLS project partners meet in Belgrade

Belgrade

The second transnational meeting within the DAFLS project “Developing Applied Foreign Language Skills“ took place on 18 and 19 October 2021 in Belgrade. The Faculty of Philology from the University of Belgrade hosted the event. Around 20 participants from the partners organisations followed the presentations concerning the creation of the Bachelor Degrees in Applied Foreign Language in the University of Belgrade and University “Saint Cyril and Methodius” from Skopje.

Starting from the next year, students in Serbia and Nord Macedonia will have the chance to develop their skill in project management through the distance learning language courses of Bachelors and Masters Degrees . The proposed study courses intend to offer a higher level of education to students in order to remain competitive with other universities. Ambitious and motivated teaching teams from both universities will take up the challenge of creating a new course.


The Faculty of Philology from the University of Belgrade hosted the event


The new study program will offer a development of digital educational resources following the example of the Masters degree in European Project Management at Caen University, France.  

Close collaboration with professionals in this field is seen as mandatory in order to motivate students and present them the market realities. 

It is an original study itinerary combining local project engineering with a European dimension.  Its objective is to train specialists in the setting up and management of projects in a transnational framework, working for the development of a territory on the economic, scientific, and cultural level.

ALDA’s team from the Skopje office is supporting this project with concrete examples of EU project management and how to work with local stakeholders.

The project is funded by the European Commission’s Erasmus+ Programme and implemented by the University of Caen Normandy, The University St. Cyril et Methodius of Skopje، ال University of Belgrade and ALDA’s office in Skopje


analysis

Comparative analysis: Citizens' participation in the Western Balkans

Three comparative studies have been done, examining the level of citizen participation in decision-making process at local levels within the six Western Balkans countries (WB6);  under the work of the project “CSOs Networking for Better Local Democracy in the Balkans", funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) and implemented by the Balkan Civil Society Development Network (BCSDN), Each of the above-mentioned studies focuses on a different facet of citizen participation. Yet, taken as a whole, they represent one comprehensive analysis.

The first book is about local self-government and decentralization in the Western Balkans. Decentralization is one of the most prominent series of reforms in the region. Across the different government systems in the region though, the level of decentralization differs due to various domestic factors. We see examinations of key features, structures, and mechanisms within the local government of multiple internal systems in the countries.


The publishing of these comparative analysis is meant to inform and act as a guide for interested citizens and groups


The second book is about CSOs and participation in decision and policymaking on the local level. Based on this, one can consider how the civil sector is important in strengthening democracy and accountability in the region, and to what extend CSOs play various roles with varying levels of political involvement. In addition, the study examines policies, initiatives, and mechanisms within the targeted region; acting as a guide for those who want to engage in local participation.

The third book is about local community participation in decision-making within the Western Balkans. Citizens’ participation is one of the hallmarks of democratic functioning, and each country has their own mechanisms and laws for regulating it. The purpose of the analysis is to further examine the interests, initiatives, and degree of participation in various municipalities.

Overall, local democracy and citizen participation continue to be a major fundamental focus in the empowerment of the Western Balkans region. The publishing of these comparative studies is meant to inform and act as a guide for interested citizens and groups.

You can download the comparative analysis available in 4 languages, English, Albanian, Macedonian and Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian here or visit our Resource Hub.


European Week

European Week of Regions and Cities: citizens engagement and EU main challenges

European Week

في إطار 19th European Week of Regions and Cities, on the 12th of October 2021, ALDA, together with the European Partnership for Democracy, organized the online workshop “Boosting territorial recovery through innovative citizens’ participation".


The main theme of the workshop was citizens’ engagement, and how it can improve local governance and play a key role in addressing the main challenges the EU is facing right now related to the environment, digitalisation, social inclusion and economic recovery, along with the revitalization of European cities in the post-pandemic reality.


Within the framework of the 19th European Week of Regions and Cities,  ALDA  organized the online workshop “Boosting territorial recovery through innovative citizens’ participation”


The speakers, coming from all over the European Union, were:

  • Gonçalo Lobo Xavier from the European Economic and Social Comittee, who presented the EESC work and recommendations to promote investments in education, infrastructure and industrial policies that can raise employment in EU’s Member States, 
  • Gary Glaukka from Demo Finland, presenting Demo Finland’s approach to enhance democracy through collaborative projects between Finnish political parties and parties in new and developing democracies, 
  • Krzysztof Izdebski from the Open Spending EU Coalition, who presented the Open Spending EU Coalition work to improve transparency, decision making and services in governments through collaboration with activists and citizens,
  • Valentina Minazzi from Legambiente, with a presentation on the effect of citizens’ participation in raising awareness and promoting actions about climate change, and on how to further promote citizens participation for the future, and 
  • ; أنتونلا فالموربيداALDA Secretary General, who presented ALDA’s work in supporting citizens and local authorities affected by the Covid-19 crisis. 

After an introduction by ALDA’s own Project Manager نادية دي يوليو, the speakers shared their experiences and examples of participatory processes and bringing together different expertises. 

Between the speaker presentations, videos were shown introducing European projects currently facing these issues through citizen participation, such as SMART – Small Museums Alliance Representing Territories, موجة الغذاء, P-CUBE و LIME – Labour Integration for Migrant Employment.

A final part of the workshop was dedicated to the participants’ questions for the speakers, discussing further some of the practices and ideas brought to this event.

ALDA is proud to have participated in the organization of this event, and will be thrilled to participate in the European Week of Regions in the future as well! 

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You can watch the projects videos here: (link to a youtube playlist – soon available)

Curious about the workshop? You can watch the recording online here


Regional Youth Compact: Project Report

Regional Youth Compact for Europe has been designed to help enhance CSOs participation in policy design and in monitoring the process of EU integration in the Western Balkans and to engage youth to participate more actively in this process.

After three years of implementation, the project came to a successful end. To know more read the Project Report

النشر

Regional Youth Compact for Europe has been designed to help enhance CSOs participation in policy design and in monitoring the process of EU integration in the Western Balkans and to engage youth to participate more actively in this process.

After three years of implementation, the project came to a successful end. To know more read the Project Report

النشر

بدأ مشروع CAP-PERI في فيتشنزا: منهجيات مبتكرة للحديث عن الاستدامة

اشتغلت CAP-PERI project had its start on the 29th and 30th of September with the Kick Off Meeting that saw partners coming to Vicenza to discuss the implementation of the project and the organization of the educational activities.

وخلال اليوم الثاني أتيحت لهم الفرصة لزيارة منطقة كاربانيدا الريفية، وهي المكان المثالي لتحليل كيفية تحديد مواضيع مثل الصلة بين البلد والبلد؛ وكذلك التبادل بين العالمين الريفي والحضري.وفي الوقت نفسه، فهو مكان يعبر عن الحاجة الملحة إلى تطوير وتعزيز "زراعة للزراعة" مفتوحة لجميع المواطنين، فيما يتعلق بالمواضيع التالية:

  • الغذاء والصحة;
  • حماية التنوع البيولوجي والمشهد الريفي
  • تكييف الإقليم مع التحديات التي يفرضها تغير المناخ.


ويتوقع البرنامج تحسين وعي المواطنين والشباب بالآثار الاجتماعية والاقتصادية والبيئية لهذه الخطة على الصعيدين الوطني والأوروبي.


اشتغلت itinerant walk was hosted by the local associations of “Comunità Vicentina per l’Agroecologia” and the “Laboratorio Spazi Rurali e Boschi Urbani”; enhancing the value of the territory as a place of dialogue between the city and the rural area. Similarly, the occasion was perfect to size the possibility for it to become the centre of new agriculture and sustainability.

في وقت متأخر من بعد الظهر تم تقديم الجمهور للمشروع في تياترو أسترا حيث تبع ذلك عرض.

ويتوقع البرنامج تحسين وعي المواطنين والشباب بالآثار الاجتماعية والاقتصادية والبيئية لهذه عملية النداء الموحد على الصعيدين الوطني والأوروبي.

وستسلط عملية النداء الموحد - بيري الضوء على الكيفية التي ستكون بها الخطط الاستراتيجية للكاب في المستقبل أداة لتحقيق أهداف الاتفاق الأخضر، وكيف ستدعم سياسات الاتحاد الأوروبي في إدارة الانتقال نحو نظام غذائي مستدام، وفي تعزيز جهود المزارعين للمساهمة في أهداف الاتحاد الأوروبي المتعلقة بالمناخ وحماية البيئة.

ومنهجيات المشروع مبتكرة حيث ستتسنح الفرصة للأطفال والشباب لتعلم البحوث الاجتماعية وتقنيات المسرح من خلال أدوات الواقع المعزز والحلقات الدراسية مع الخبراء.

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ويقود المشروع ALDA (الشريك الرئيسي) جنبا إلى جنب مع LaPiccionaia, CESIE, ISBEM Scarl, IRS – Institute for Social Research و إعادة الشبكة.


المحتوى التعليمي لـ DEVOTE جاهز بـ 6 لغات!

The educational content for DEVOTE’s future open online course is now available in 6 languages!

عمل فريق DEVOTE بجد لتطوير هيكل دورة تدريبية مكونة من 6 وحدات للمعلمين والمعلمين ، بهدف تزويدهم بالمهارات والأدوات اللازمة لدمج الطلاب ذوي الخلفيات المهاجرة في المدارس.

طور الفريق الوحدات المذكورة أعلاه باستخدام التعليقات الواردة من الطلاب ذوي الخلفيات المهاجرة ومعلميهم ، والتي تم جمعها من خلال استطلاع. سلطت رؤيتهم الضوء على ضرورة مناقشة ممارسات التقييم للطلاب من خلفيات مهاجرة والصعوبات التي قد يواجهونها بخصوص اللغة الوطنية . لذلك ، صمم مشروع DEVOTE محتوى تعليميًا يهدف إلى تزويد المعلمين بالأدوات والإرشادات لدعم الطلاب بشكل أفضل مع تعزيز نجاحهم في المدرسة.


صمم مشروع DEVOTE محتوى تعليميًا يهدف إلى تزويد المعلمين بالأدوات والإرشادات لدعم الطلاب بشكل أفضل مع تعزيز نجاحهم في المدرسة


ومع ذلك ، أظهر المسح الذي تم إجراؤه أيضًا أهمية البيئة والوضع الاجتماعي للطلاب من خلفيات مهاجرة. لمعالجة هذه الأمور ، أنشأ الفريق وحدات حول مشاركة أولياء الأمور ، و الدعم النفسي الاجتماعي و نهج المدرسة بأكملها . يشمل الأخير جميع أقسام موظفي المدارس لتلبية احتياجات الطلاب الشاملة. أخيرًا ، يقدم هذا التمرين أمثلة على الممارسات الجيدة في التعليم متعدد الثقافات .

يمكنك العثور على جميع الوحدات باللغة الإنجليزية أدناه. إذا كنت تريد تنزيلها بلغة أخرى ، فتحقق هذه الصفحة.

الوحدة 1 - نهج المدرسة بأكملها تحميل

الوحدة 2 - تقييم الطلاب من أصول مهاجرة تحميل

الوحدة 3 - الدعم اللغوي الوطني تحميل

الوحدة 4 - مشاركة الوالدين تحميل

الوحدة 5 - الدعم النفسي والاجتماعي تحميل

الوحدة 6 - أفضل الممارسات في التعليم بين الثقافات تحميل

يؤدي نشر المحتوى التعليمي الخاص بـ DEVOTE إلى تقريبنا من إنشاء الدورة التدريبية الضخمة المفتوحة عبر الإنترنت (MOOC) ، ونريد أن تكون مفيدة ومفيدة قدر الإمكان بالنسبة لك ، لذا يرجى تقديم ملاحظاتك إلينا حول الوحدات بملء الاستبيان التالي بلغتك المفضلة:

الإنجليزية هولندي / فرنسي / Sالسلوفينية / اللغة التركي Iإيطالي اليونانية

 

 


Culture twinning: a strong network of towns to promote cultural tourism

المشروع Culture Twinning: Twinning Tourism Promoting Cultural Heritage, which started in 2018, is coming to an end with an upcoming last meeting online to close the project and sum up the results.

The project, funded by Europe for Citizens programme of the European Union, is led by the Municipality of Novo Mesto (Slovenia) in partnership with ALDA, the Development Centre of Novo Mesto (Slovenia) and the municipalities of Herceg Novi (Montenegro), Torun (Poland), Vilafranca de Penedés (Spain), Trnava (Slovakia), Langhenagen (Germany), Bühl (Germany), Bihać (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

The main objective of this two-year-long project was creation of a strong network of twinned towns to mutually promote cultural tourism and raise awareness among citizens on the importance of cultural heritage. This resulted in the creation of a network of towns that promote cultural heritage in a long-term perspective, and which developed opportunities for mutual understanding, intercultural learning, solidarity and social engagement.

The objective was successfully achieved!


Cultural heritage is more than historical monuments left behind from the past. it defines who we are as individuals, as communities, as regions.


Through project’s activities, partners had the opportunity to meet each other and present their respective towns and their cultural heritage and also to interact with local actors operating in the field.

All events implemented aimed at discovering the rich cultural heritage of each town of the network. In إيطاليا an interactive guided tour for kids took place, in order to stress the importance of educating young generations on local cultural heritage, while in هرسك نوفي the international conference “Strategic Tourism Development Based on the Valorization of Cultural Heritage” presented examples of good practice of proper valorisation of cultural heritage in European cities.

In Novo mesto a hackathon was organised where kids presented inspiring examples of good practice of innovative cultural tourism, as well as a visit to the 4th festival of Iron age living and cookery.

Another meeting was in the beautiful and historical city of Trnava, one of the oldest cities in Slovakia, where participants could enjoy the unique medieval atmosphere, culinary specialities and hospitality during the Traditional Trnava Market.

In Vilafranca  exchanged ideas about the methods for creating cultural knowledge, enhancing culture in society and fostering the weight of culture in promoting quality cultural tourism. The participants learnt about the culture of “castellers” through a wide range of activities related to their world.

The sixth and the last meeting of the project, which contributed to the involvement of citizens and awareness of cultural heritage in several European partner cities through education and lifelong learning, took place in Bihać. The urban pulse of the city with an extremely diverse and unique history of different cultures and religions enriches the offer on the river Una.

The event has officially concluded this joint adventure, but the established connections between partners will live on and create common stories backed with richness of natural and cultural heritage. The project has reached an incredible number of citizens, more than 460 direct participants in the events and more than 40.000 indirect participants through the project’s website, partners’ websites, press conferences, news and articles.

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Why CUT – Culture Twinning Project? 

Cultural heritage consists of cultural and creative resources with a value for society that has been publicly recognised in order to preserve it for future generations. The rich and diverse cultural heritage of central Europe is one of the key attractions for tourists visiting the area. That is why local heritage has become an important economic factor. Efforts to preserve and utilise cultural heritage can help generate tour¬ism income in particular for remote regions, far from economic centres, rely on tourism-related services for employment. The sustainable use of cultural heritage is essential to ensure that central Europe will remain a popular destination to visit and to live in.
Through the exchange of good practice, experience and expertise of involved partners, we have increased involvement of citizens and raised awareness of the importance of Eu¬rope’s cultural heritage through different events and promotion. Through the activities of the project, we have strengthened the tolerance and mutual understanding between European citizens respecting and promoting cultural and linguistic diversity, while contributing to intercultural dialogue.

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روابط مفيدة


استبيانات تخصصيّة لإيصال صوت منظمات المجتمع المدنيّ بخصوص مستقبل أوروبا

بينما كان "المؤتمر من أجل مستقبل أوروبا" في ذروة أشغاله، واصل مؤتمر "المجتمع المدني من أجل مستقبل أوروبا" العمل الدؤوب لدعمه ولضمان إدماج تام وشامل لمنظمات المجتمع المدني وهذا مسار فريد وهام للغاية. total and wide inclusion of civil society organisations in such a unique and crucial process.

وبالفعل، انعقدت يوم الثلاثاء 12 أكتوبر جلسة بخصوص مؤتمر "المجتمع المدني من أجل مستقبل أوروبا". وبعد استعراض آخر المستجدات بخصوص التمثيليات المؤسسية، تركّز الحوار على طرق تمكين منظمات المجتمع المدني من كافة أنحاء أوروبا من إيصال أصواتهم والاستماع لآمالهم ومشاغلهم. وسيتمّ تحقيق هذا الهدف الطموح بفضل انتشار مجموعة من الاستبيانات التي تمّ تصميمها من قبل كل مجموعات من أجل تلقي تعليقات منظمات المجتمع المدني حسب مواضيع النقاش،على سبيل الذكر لا الحصر.

ولا يجب انتظار النتائج طويلا. فبعد أعمال البحث والاستشارة، قامت كل من المحاور المضمونية الخمسة بتصميم استبيان خاص بها، باعتباره وسيلة ناجعة لتطوير ثقافة الحوار مع الفاعلين الأساسيين وتشجيعهم على أخذ وجهات نظر المواطنين الأوروبيين وآراءهم بعين الاعتبار.


نحن ندعو كل ممثلي منظمات المجتمع المدني للمشاركة في سبر الأراء بالإجابة عن استبيان أو أكثر حسب مجالات خبراتهم


وبالتالي، صمّمت كل مجموعة تقريرا متناسقا وشاملا سيتمّ تسليمه لأصحاب القرار للتأكد من إيصال صوت منظمات المجتمع المدنيّ بشكل مسموع ومساهم بفعاليّة في تطوير السياسات والخطط.

وفيما يلي تفصيل لكل المحاور وروابط لكل الاستبيانات:

  1. البيئة: بإشراف "غرين 10" (Green 10) ويهدف لمواجهة آثار التغيّر المناخي. وسيتم نشر الاستبيان قريبا.
  2. المجتمع الأوروبي: بإشراف "سوليدار" (Solidar)، ويهدف لتحديد الأولويات المستقبلية للاتحاد الأوروبي. شارك في سبر الأراء عبر تعمير الاستبيان هنا., chaired by SOLIDAR, aims at outlining the future priorities of the EU. Join the survey and fill in the questionnaire (هنا)
  3. التحول الرقمي في أوروبا:بإشراف خدمة النشاط المواطني في أوروبا(ICAS)، ويركز على تحديد معايير التصرف في التكنولوجيا والمعطيات، مع الحرص على عدم التفريط في السيادة بهذا الخصوص. يوجد الاستبيان (هنا)
  4. الحياة الأوروبية المشتركة:بإشراف "منظمة التطوع الأوروبية" (Volonteurope) والمركز الأوروبي للتطوع (CEV)، ويركّز على الحقوق والقيم والتحديات الجديدة والحديثة مثل الفضاء والهجرة. يوجد الاستبيان (هنا)
  5. دعائم ديموقراطية الاتحاد:وكيفية تقوية الآليات الديموقراطية بالاتحاد الأوروبي لجعل أوروبا مشروعا مواطنيا، بإشراف "ألدا" و"الشبكة الأوروبية للمبادرات المحليّة من أجل البيئة والتنمية المستدامة" (ECOLISE) ويركّز على دعم الالتزام والانخراط والمشاركة المواطنيّة لضمان تنمية اجتماعية ذات جودة أعلى. شارك في سبر الأراء عبر تعمير الاستبيان الإنجليزية, فرنسي أو إيطالي

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عن مؤتمر المجتمع المدني من أجل مستقبل أوروبا (#CSOCoFoE) : ويتمثّل دور المؤتمر في بناء الجسور بين منظمات المجتمع المدنيّ والإطار الترتيبي للمؤتمر من أجل مستقبل أوروبا (CSOCoFoE). وقد انطلقت فعاليات هذا المؤتمر في فيفري 2021 وكان ملتزما بتحليل الآلية الديموقراطية لعمل المؤتمر وبضمان انخراط حقيقي للمواطنين ومؤسساتهم التمثيلية في هذا المسار.

وقد جمع هذا المؤتمر أكثر من 75 شبكة ومنصة أوروبية، مما من شأنه تجميع ملايين المواطنين من كافة أنحاء أوروبا. وتتمّ إدارتهُ من هيئة تسييرية وخمس محاور كبرى، تعكس الأولويات السياسية والمبادئ الأساسية للاتحاد الأوروبي. وتبعا لالتزامها ومهامها، لعبت "ألدا" دورا فعالا في المؤتمر، لا فقط بصفتها عضوا مشاركا، بل أيضا بصفتها عضوا في الهيئة التسييرية، ممثلة عبر "أنتونلا فالموربيدا" الأمينة العامة ل"ألدا". إضافة لذلك، تساهم "ألدا" في أشغال محور الديموقراطية عبر إتاحة خبراتها في المسارات الديموقراطية والحوكمة الرشيدة والمشاركة المواطنية للجميع.

ALDA, following its vocation and mission, has an active role in the Convention, not only participating as a member, but also as part of the steering committee, represented by ALDA Secretary General, Antonella Valmorbida. Moreover, ALDA is also colliding the cluster on democracy, by making available its expertise on democratic processes, good governance and citizens participation.

لقراءة المزيد، الرجاء الاطلاع على الموقع الالكتروني لمؤتمر المجتمع المدني.